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Technology

For those investors who need to get to the ultimate core physics of solar energy and its workings, this page is for you.  Below are two section diagrams of a typical silicon solar cell.

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All materials contain electrons.  Solar cells work because the sun excites electrons and causes a voltage pressure between each electron thus forcing them further apart.  The electrons then move through a wire to power the house and then move out and back into the solar cell from the bottom plate where the process is repeated.  As long as the sun shines (thus providing voltage to the electrons) this electric current will continue.

The diagram on the left demonstrates why today’s solar cells do not produce a lot of power.  An atom contains a proton nucleus and electrons.  In the diagram the nucleuses are the large white spheres and the electrons are the small blue spheres.  Between each nucleus is a large amount of space where electrons are trapped.  Light rays fall through these spaces.  To untrap these electrons, rays from the sun must fall on them and excite them to a higher vibrational energy level (basically shaking them free).  Because the nucleus is large, most of the sun’s rays fall on them which excites (heats) them (see the red glow) and not the electron.  This nucleon heat is not powerful enough to highly excite and release any more electrons so it just heats up the solar cell (other nucleons) which reduces the solar cell’s electrical power output (because the electrons are scrambled and have no uniform travel direction).  Several atom layers down all of the sunlight has been absorbed by the upper layer nucleons and no light is left to excite electrons.  This is the reason why solar manufacturers try to make their solar cells as thin as possible (super thin) because thicker cells are a waste of material.  Unfortunately 10% of the solar cells in the manufacturing facility are broken due to this thinness and thus you have manufacturing waste and costs passed on to the homeowner.

The FluxCell is radically different in that the top of the solar cell is flooded with electrons.  This means that the sun’s rays excite mainly the electrons.  By exciting more electrons in a smaller area greater power density exists.

Why Electricity is Limited in Today’s Solar Cells?
There is a reason why solar cells can only produce 4 watts of power, (8 amps at .5 volts).  The reason is the internal resistance of the solar cell.  If you look at the diagram above (without the house) you can see that the electrons move from the top of the cell where they are excited by the sun to the bottom of the solar cell and thus back up through the cell to repeat the process. 

We all know from Ohms law that Voltage = Amps x Resistance.  We also know that Resistance = Power / Current (4 watts / 8amps = .5 Ohms).  Resistance and Voltage are equivalent in that it takes and equal amount of voltage pressure to overcome an equal amount of resistance. 

If we theoretically replace the .5 Ohms with .1 Ohms we get Current = Power / Voltage.  (4 watts / .1 volts(ohms) = 40 amps) or (4 watts / .01 volts(ohms) = 400 amps).  Mathematically this can go on and on in the absence of resistance.

What you can see is that the resistance of the solar cell limits its current.  You have experienced this first hand if you have ever short circuited a wire or an electric socket.  When you plug in a light bulb, it provides resistance to electricity so only a limited amount of electrons can flow.  This resistance shows up as a hot and glowing wire and thus heat and light are emitted.  But connect two wires together and it will blow the fuse.  This is because fundamentally an infinite amount of electricity will flow without resistance until the wire melts and thus breaks.

In summary the Fluxcell takes these facts of electron flow to generate the largest amount of current that materials can handle.  Power from the Fluxcell is only limited by the heat capacity of materials (which is quite high at a rated 10,000 plus watts per module).  More can be generated with a cooling system.  By first extracting the electrons, flooding the top of multiple miniature solar cells with these electrons to be excited by the sun and then moving this larger quantity of electrons into Electron Capacitor Reactors which have extremely large electrode surface areas, the Fluxcell can now pump both high voltage electrons and large currents into a transformer (electrons never leave the module) and subsequently power a home.

Fluxcell, Inc. 2014-2017
Coalesce Point-Trust 2007-2017

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